Ingrijirea rododendronului

10 mai 2010 , 45713 afisari

Luna mai este reprezentativa pentru aceasta specie care infloreste atat de frumos. Insa, pentru a va bucura de flori, trebuie sa stiti sa le ingrijiti!

In ciuda opiniei gerenarel, rododendronii si azaleele nu sunt unul si acelasi lucru. Specialistii sustin ca intre cele doua plante exista mici diferente. Chiar daca ambele specii sunt arbusti, rododendronul este de dimensiuni mai mari. Frunzele azaleelor sunt mai mici decat ale rododendronului, iar o alta deosebire consta in numarul de stamine, florile de azalee avand cinci, cele de rododendron, zece.

Rododendronul este cunoscut sub mai multe denumiri, printre care se numara „smardar” sau „bujor de munte”. Cele mai multe specii sunt, de fapt, arbusti vesnic verzi, dar exista si variante cu frunze cazatoare.

Copaceii de rododendron sunt de talie medie, crescand pana la 150 de cm. Tulpina este lemnoasa, relativ sensibila la indoire. Au frunze mari si lungi de culoare verde intens, lucioase si lanceolate, asemanatoare cu cele ale dafinului.

Florile sunt albe, roz sau rosii, intens colorate si cu aspect fragil. Planta are petale subtiri, destul de mari, inflorescentele fiind grupate in buchete de pana la 20 de flori, in functie de specie. Rododendronul se poate planta in gradini, fiind destul de rezistent la temperaturi scazute, dar ii prieste foarte bine si traiul in ghivece. Temperatura agreata este de 22-25°C in timpul zilei si de 16-18°C pe timpul noptii. Nu iubeste foarte mult lumina puternica; cel mai indicat este sa fie plantata la semiumbra.

Rododendronul este o specie acidofila. Acest lucru inseamna ca nu creste pe terenuri calcaroase si nu suporta expunerea la soare. Atat rododendronul cat si azaleea prefera terenurile bogate in turba cu PH 4,5-5,5, plantate sub arbori inalti.

Trebuie sa fiti atenti la plantele sau copacii pe care ii plantati in preajma rododendronului. Un copac compatibil cu aceasta floare trebuie sa se dezvolte armonios intr-un sol acid si sa prezinte radacini adanci, deoarece rododendronul are radacini scurte si intra in competitie. Un exemplu ideal din acest punct de vedere ar fi stejarul rosu. Acesta trebuie plantat la o distanta de 10-15 cm, pentru ca impreuna cu rododendronul sa aiba stabilitate.

Pentru a avea parte de plante cat mai frumoase si, mai ales, sanatoase, pamantul in care este plantat rododendronul trebuie imbunatatit anual cu ingrasaminte pentru culturi acidofile. Nu uitati sa udati plantele! Rododendronul necesita multa apa, mai ales vara. Atentie, insa: udarea plantei cu apa rece in zilele fierbinti de vara are drept consecinte aparitia de cloroze si incetinirea cresterii. In schimb, apa de ploaie, statuta, este ideala. otodata, se recomanda indepartarea florilor ofilite cu mare atentie, pentru a nu fi afectati noii boboci florali. Nu trebuie sa uitati nici de ajustarea crengilor tinere, pentru a stimula astfel cresterea unor ramuri noi!

Primavara, frunzele de rododendron sunt otravitoare, asa ca aveti mare grija cu copiii si cu animalele de casa! Sa nu le ingurgiteze! Specialistii sustin ca au fost inregistrate o serie de decese dupa ce frunzele de rododendron au fost mestecate.

Material realizat cu sprijinul Gardendo.

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